DAVID KAPPLER is currently Deputy Chairman of Shire plc, and Senior Independent Director at Flybe plc, as well as being a director at a number of private companies. Mr. Kappler embarked on this portfolio career in 2004 when he retired from Cadbury Schweppes Plc, where he had been the CFO for more than nine years. This role was a culmination of a career, which started as a Trainee Accountant at Cadbury in 1965. From 2004, Mr. Kappler was Chairman of Premier Foods for over 6 years, and Senior Independent Director at IHG plc (Intercontinental Hotels Group) for 10 years. He served as a non-executive Director and latterly Chairman of HMV Plc until early 2006, and was also a Director of Camelot from 1995 to 2002.